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Injury Prevention

Share the road

Bicycles are considered vehicles under the Highway Traffic Act (HTA) - they have the same rights and responsibilities as other motor vehicles. That means that those riding them - cyclists - must obey the rules of the road too. When bikes follow the same rules as cars, the roads become safer and more predictable for everyone.

As cycling becomes a more popular mode of transportation in our communities, we are going to see more cyclists on the road. Cyclists and drivers of motor vehicles must share the road safely to reduce the frequency and severity of preventable injuries. 



For safety tips, see Cyclists & Motorists below.

Bicycles are considered vehicles under the Ontario Highway Traffic Act and have the same rights and responsibilities on public roadways as motorists. Cyclists fare best when they act and are treated as drivers of vehicles.When you as a cyclist fail to obey the rules of the road, you lose the support of motorists

Follow the rules of the road

Obey all traffic laws, signs, and signals. Please refer to MTO’S Cycling Skills Guide for more information.

Ride on the right

  • Always ride in the same direction as traffic, far enough from the road edge to keep a straight line.
  • Ride single file, except when passing. 
  • You may occupy any part of a lane when your safety warrants it e.g. to avoid obstacles or if the lane isn't wide enough to safely pass. 

Be predictable

  • Ride in a straight line - don't weave around obstacles. 
  • Stay about one meter from the edge/curb or parked cars to avoid hazards. 
  • Never pass on the right as you approach an intersection, especially if the vehicle ahead is turning right. 
  • Use hand signals to communicate turns and stops to other road users. 

Be visible

  • Wear brightly coloured clothing, including reflectors.
  • Use lights in low light conditions (red rear, white front).
  • Stay out of motorists' blind spots - especially truck drivers.
  • Make eye contact with motorists - it's the best way to know they see you. 

Be courteous

  • When riding in groups, leave gaps to allow space for motorists or other cyclists to pass. 
  • Yield to pedestrians. Warn others with a ring of your bell or friendly greeting before passing. 
  • Sidewalks are for pedestrians and child cyclists - check local bylaws. 

Take care of your gear and yourself

  • Your bike works best and safest when it is well maintained. 
  • Wear a helmet and make sure it fits correctly.

Cyclists must have:

  • A bell or horn. 
  • Reflector and reflective tape. 
  • Light on front from dusk till dawn   

Young cyclists should practice with adult supervision BEFORE they ride on the road.

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