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Climate Change

Selected Readings on Climate Change

City of Barrie Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (City of Barrie, 2016)

The City of Barrie created a climate change adaptation strategy which aims to increase resiliency and adaptive capacity to changing climate. The adaptation strategy (currently still in draft format) identifies climate projections for the city, physical, social, ecological and economic impacts of climate change, and outlines the process the city took to identify priority actions they will be implementing to increase community resiliency to climate change.

Lake Simcoe Climate Change Adaptation Strategy , (Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change, 2017)

This strategy provides an overview of the actions being taken within the Lake Simcoe watershed to adapt to a changing climate, including strategies to reduce phosphorus loading of the Lake, agricultural water use assessments, modeling programs, and aquatic life monitoring programs. It showcases successes within the watershed, and identifies how the strategy was developed.

Planning for Climate Change in Muskoka (Muskoka Watershed Council, 2016)

The Planning for Climate Change in Muskoka report identifies projected impacts due to climate change for the District of Muskoka. It provides a snapshot of what the climate of Muskoka may look like mid-century, and examines impacts to aquatic environments (lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands), forests, and lifestyle (recreation, infrastructure and health).

Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority

Conservation authorities in Ontario are responsible for flood risk mitigation and watershed monitoring. This section of the NVCA website discusses the impact of climate change on the local watershed.

NVCA Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan 2016-2018: Milestone 2 – Research (Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority, 2016)

A local assessment of projected climate impacts for the Nottawasaga Valley watershed. Projected temperature and precipitation levels, as well as changes to temperature within local streams are discussed.

Sustainable Severn Sound

A collaboration of seven municipalities in the Severn Sound area, the Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, Severn Sound Environmental Association and North Simcoe Community Futures Development Corporation.

A Climate of Concern: Climate Change and Health Strategy for Toronto 2015 , (Toronto Public Health, 2015)

A strategy for addressing climate change and health impacts within the City of Toronto. This report identifies the impacts of climate change on extreme temperatures (heat and cold); severe weather; air quality; built environment; vector-borne diseases; impacts to water; and food systems safety and security.

Climate Change Adaptation and Health Equity Background Report (Toronto Public Health, 2011)

While all individuals can be impacted by climate change, certain populations will be more vulnerable to these impacts. The adaptation and health equity report from Toronto Public Health identifies populations which are more vulnerable to climate-related impacts, and identifies features of climate-resilient cities to support adaptation to climate change.

Assessment of Vulnerability to the Health Impacts of Climate Change in Middlesex-London (Middlesex-London Health Unit, 2014)

An assessment looking at the vulnerability of the Middlesex-London community to health risks due to climate change. The report highlights impacts due to extreme weather events and natural disasters; air quality; vector-borne disease; and waterborne illnesses, foodborne illnesses and food security. It also highlights adaptive capacity solutions at community and individual levels, and the effectiveness of current adaptations.

Climate Change Action Plan (Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change, 2016)

The Climate Change Action Plan lays out the Provincial actions that support mitigating climate change through transitioning to a low-carbon economy. Areas of action include transportation; buildings and homes; land-use planning; industry and business; collaboration with Indigenous communities; research and development; government; and agriculture, forests and lands.

Ontario Climate Change and Health Toolkit (Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, 2016)

A three-pronged toolkit which supports the completion of climate change and health vulnerability assessments within Ontario public health units. The toolkit includes a technical document which describes and outlines the process for completing a vulnerability assessment; a workbook which provides step by step processes and worksheets to complete the vulnerability assessment; and a climate change and health modelling study report which provides projections on the expected impacts on health due to climate change in the 2050s and 2080s.

Human Health in a Changing Climate: A Canadian Assessment of Vulnerabilities and Adaptive Capacity (Health Canada, 2008)

A review of climate change vulnerabilities which will impact the health of Canadians, as well as actions which can help to increase adaptive capacity of communities to deal with these impacts. Specific topics discussed include vulnerabilities to natural hazards and extreme weather; air quality, climate change and health; impacts to food, water, and vector-borne disease; regional impacts due to climate change in Quebec; health impacts due to climate change in Canada’s North; and adaptive capacity to climate change within Canada.

How will a Changing Climate Affect the Health of People Living in Canada? (Health Canada)

Cities Adapt to Extreme Heat: Celebrating Local Leadership (Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction, Health Canada, 2016)

Report prepared by the ICLR and Health Canada outlining 20 case studies which provide examples of extreme heat adaptation strategies being implemented by local and regional governments across the country. While the communities highlighted within the report provide a comprehensive strategy to address heat health risks, this report showcases a key element from each of the represented communities. It also highlights lessons learned when dealing with extreme heat within a Canadian context.

Canada in a Changing Climate: Sector Perspectives on Impacts and Adaptation (Natural Resources Canada, 2014)

An updated assessment of the expected impacts of climate change, vulnerabilities to climate change across Canada, and potential adaptation strategies. It provides an overview of the changing climate in Canada, links adaptation research to practice, and also examines the impacts of climate change on specific topics (natural resources; food production; industry; biodiversity and protected areas; human health; and water and transportation infrastructure).

Canada in a Changing Climate - Chapter 7: Human Health

Climate Change 2014: Impact, Adaptation, and Vulnerability

, contributions of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2014)

The impact, adaptation and vulnerability report takes a broad examination of the expected impacts due to climate change on a global scale. It examines the impacts on natural and managed resources and their systems; human settlements, industry and infrastructure; human health, well-being and security; adaptation; and multi-sector impacts, risks, vulnerabilities, and opportunities. It also examines regional changes due to climate change which are projected to occur across the globe.

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