Initial Risk Assessment
The first step in fall prevention is to conduct a multifactorial risk assessment. The American and British Geriatric Societies recommend that primary health care providers ask all older adults at least once a year about falls, the frequency of falling and any difficulties in gait and balance. According to the recommendation, any older person who presents with an acute fall (fall with an injury), has difficulty with gait or balance, or reports two or more falls in the previous 12 months warrants a comprehensive risk assessment.
The College of Family Physicians of Canada’s Preventive Care Checklist Forms recommend a multidisciplinary post-fall assessment on elderly patients who have a history of falls. (2014, Seniors Falls In Canada Second Report)
Tools for Risk Assessment
Tools for medication assessment