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Burns and Scalds

“Injuries are Predictable and Preventable”


A scald is a type of burn injury caused by hot liquids and is the type of burn that most often sends children to hospital. Young children under the age of five suffer 83% of all scald injuries requiring hospital admission. Spilled tea, coffee, soup and hot tap water are the leading causes of this painful and potentially serious injury.

Did You Know?

Children are at high risk for burns because their skin is thinner than an adult’s skin. A child’s skin burns four times more quickly and deeply than an adult’s at the same temperature.

What Can I Do?

  • Teach your child to keep away from hot liquids
  • Reduce the hot water temperature in your home - lower the hot water tank to 49C.
  • Teach your child to keep safety out of the way when you are cooking
  • Use a cup with a tight fitting lid, like a travel mug.
  • Keep cords from your kettle and other appliances out of your child’s reach.
  • Teach your child to always check the temperature of the water before bathing.  


An estimated 40 children under the age of 14 die from fires and other burns each year. Another 770 are hospitalized for serious injuries. Smoke alarms are a proven way to prevent injuries and death from fires.

What Can I Do?

  • Choose the correct smoke alarms and ensure they are installed properly.
  • Check smoke alarms with your child regularly and replace batteries. Many people do this when they change their clocks in the spring and fall.
  • Keep lighters and matches out of sight and out of reach.
  • Place barriers around fireplaces.
  • Teach children about the dangers of fire, and supervise.

Click on the following link for more information on Scalds and Burns - Parachute

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