The cannabis plant produces marijuana (dried leaves and flowers) as well as hashish (cannabis resin).
Cannabis contains more than 460 known chemicals, more than 60 of which are grouped under the name cannabinoids
Cannabinoids are chemicals found in the cannabis plant. These chemicals interact with the body to produce effects on various mental and bodily functions.
∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of the cannabis plant and is what causes the high from smoking cannabis.
Cannabis has a long history of use as a medicine in many parts of the world.
In the 1960’s scientists discovered cannabinoids, the major pharmacologically active elements of cannabis. Cannabis research then advanced at a rapid pace and by the early 1990s the scientific and medical communities knew a lot more about how and where in the body these cannabinoids have an effect.
Although scientific literature on the therapeutic uses of cannabis and cannabinoids now exists, more research is needed.
Accessing Cannabis for Medical Purposes
The way individuals can access cannabis for medical purposes was updated on August 24, 2016 - Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR). At present in Canada, the only legal source of marijuana for medical purposes is that provided by a licensed producer, which can be supplied to patients upon receipt of a medical document provided by a physician.
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