Sexual Health

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Definitions

AIDS: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is an advanced stage of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). (see below)

BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS (BV): is an overgrowth of bacteria normally found in the vagina. It is the most common cause of vaginal discharge. It is not clear what role sexual activity plays in the development of BV.

CHLAMYDIA: is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, and can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

GONORRHEA: is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhea, and can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

HEPATITIS A (Hep A): is a self-limited liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus. There is a vaccine for hepatitis A.

HEPATITIS B (Hep B): is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. There is a vaccine for hepatitis B.

HEPATITIS C (Hep C): is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus. There is currently no vaccine for hepatitis C.

HERPES: is an infection caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). There are two types of HSV (Type 1 & Type 2). HSV can cause sores on the mouth (called cold sores-HSV1) and the genitals (called genital herpes-HSV2). Types 1 & 2 can be present in both the oral and genital areas.

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a viral infection that attacks the immune system, resulting in a progressive chronic illness.

HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV): is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by a virus. There are many different types of HPV—some cause warts, while other types of HPV have been associated with cancer of the cervix in women, the penis in men, as well as cancer of the throat and anus. There is a vaccine for HPV.

LYMPHOGRANULOMA VENEREUM (LGV): is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a specific type of chlamydia bacteria which can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

MOLLUSCUM : is a skin infection caused by the Molluscum Contagiosum virus.

MSM: men who have sex with men.

STI: sexually transmitted infection

SYPHILIS: is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum, and can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

TRICHOMONAS: is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite.

YEAST: is common and normal. In some women, an overgrowth of yeast occurs from time to time and may require treatment. It is not generally considered to be sexually transmitted although men can also get yeast infections.

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