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Choking and Strangulation

“Injuries are Predictable and Preventable”

Did You Know?

Breathing emergencies, such as choking, strangulation and suffocation are a leading cause of injury-related death to children. Major causes of breathing emergencies for young children include choking on food and small objects, strangulation by items such as ropes or blind cords, and suffocating in cribs or beds.


What Can You Do?

  • Keep choking hazards away from children under four years of age. Young children should not eat nuts, raw carrots, popcorn or hotdogs. If an object fits through a cardboard toilet paper roll, it is too small and can cause a young child to choke. Also, keep young children away from latex balloons.
  • Remove or modify items in the home that could cause strangulation. Common strangulation hazards include blind or curtain cords. These cords should be cut short and tied out of reach.
  • Ensure children have safe sleeping environments. Young children should sleep in cribs or cradles that were built after 1986. Sleeping environments should be free of soft bedding that could suffocate a child, such as comforters, pillows, crib bumpers and stuffed animals. Do not use car seats for sleeping in the home and always place infants and toddlers on their backs when going to sleep.

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