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A usually mild disease in adults this virus can sometimes lead to serious infections like pneumonia or bronchiolitis, particularly in premature and newborn babies. Infants and children with underlying medical conditions are also at high risk for RSV infection. Outbreaks usually occur in the fall, with the peak season in the winter. Symptoms are similar to the common cold. Hospitalization is common with RSV infection.

Infants at high risk for RSV disease may meet the criteria for the Publicly Funded Drug Program in Ontario and receive the specific antibody for RSV, called palivizumab. This program covers the cost of up to five doses of prophylactic therapy.  Click here for further information and guidelines of the program.


Canadian Immunization Guide 7th Edition