Health equity is when all members of our communities have opportunities to be healthy.
“Health inequities are differences in health which are not only unnecessary and avoidable, but in addition are considered unfair and unjust.” (Whitehead, 1992). Many of the causes of health inequities relate to social, physical and environmental conditions, which are often referred to as the social determinants of health.
Image Source: Community View Collaboration
The social determinants of health influence the health of populations. They include income and social status; social support networks; education; employment/working conditions; social environments; physical environments; personal health practices and coping skills; healthy child development; gender; and culture.